BRICS JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics <p>BRICS Journal of Educational Research (BRlCSJER), is a peer reviewed International journal published on behalf of M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana-Ambala.</p> <p>BRICSJER publishes papers of original research-work related to one or other aspects of education. The Journal is published quarterly in the months of March, June, September and December every year.</p> en-US BRICS JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH Ayurvedic Treatment of Alcohol Consumption with Relevance to the Ancient and Modern perspectives https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/229 <p>Today, alcoholism is becoming a serious issue. The onset age of taking the first<br>alcohol sip is gradually decreasing. Almost 85% of youth aged 15-18yrs<br>constitute the major chunk of the alcoholics. According to researchers, they<br>consume for the first time either to quench their curiosity, for peer approval or<br>to show off and boast superiority; it is further supported with evidences of<br>alcohol consumption from their respective cultures. In Indian Culture, the first<br>description of alcoholism can be traced in Vedas as 'Sura'. Most often people<br>confuse "Soma" to be 'Sura' (i.e. a form of alcohol) whereas Soma means<br>"nectar" which is considered as a health booster while consumption of 'Sura'<br>was forbidden and disregarded. This paper compares and contrasts the<br>modern and Vedic beliefs, practices, effects and various treatments associated<br>with alcoholism. Consuming alcohol results in physical, psychological and<br>social outbreaks. To cure alcoholism, there exist many pathological drugs with<br>their respective relapses as a different drug is prescribed to overcome the effect<br>of other. But today, people are looking back to Vedic methods again as Western<br>treatment focuses more on symptoms instead of causes. Patient is treated as a<br>problem rather than an individual. We need a treatment that focuses physical,<br>mental and spiritual health instead of symptoms i.e. Ayurvedic Treatment. This<br>paper focuses on healthy style of life, based on the principles of Yoga,<br>meditation, and spirituality. It addresses the problem of alcoholism which can<br>be traced back to the Vedic techniques of leading healthy life. The paper also<br>deliberates an ideal solution to curb this evil by analyzing various researches<br>carried in the past.</p> Silkey Chaudhary Deepa Sehrawat Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 3 11 Child Labour : Sectoral Distribution, Effects and Solutions https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/230 <p>A child chasing goats or cows, cutting grass or a very young girl washing<br>utensils, carrying a pot of water, precariously balancing it on her head or<br>cleaning her house while minding her younger brother in a cradle, are<br>uncommon images in rural India. Not so visible are the thousands of children<br>rolling beedis, working in glass factories or engaged in carpet weaving, match<br>making, agriculture etc. Similarly, the shoeshine boy or the little child serving a<br>cup of tea or sweeping the floor with a soggy dark piece of cloth in a hotel or a<br>dhaba and the risking number of street children may be the visible forms of<br>working children in urban townships or along highways. But there are<br>innumerable invisible young girls and boys performing domestic chores,<br>helping their parents employed in an urban on rural home.Child labour in<br>ancient India was existed in the form of slaves and in medieval India rulers<br>encouraged it with intention to make traffic in child slaves. In India, it is mainly<br>associated with the industrialization, from British rule</p> Rupesh Kumar Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 30 32 Blended learning and Social Science: Designing Modules and Local Challenges https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/231 <p>Blended learning is a mode of teaching-learning that seeks to combine<br>traditional style education with new technologies so that education becomes<br>more productive for teachers and students. This type of innovative learning<br>technique seeks to give more power to the students in shaping their learning<br>process, rather than a teacher being the sole decision-maker. With the everincreasing<br>presence of technology in our lives, its use in education has become<br>inevitable. At the same time, blended learning also recognizes the fact that<br>traditional classroom teaching should not be wholly obliterated in favor of<br>technology-mediated teaching, as the former provides some valuable<br>experiences to the students that are detrimental to the learning process. Here<br>we have also tried to formulate two blended learning modules to demonstrate<br>how blended learning could be used to teach social sciences.</p> Deepa Idnani, S. Aggarwal Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 33 39 LiDAR and SfM point cloud fusion effects in the generation of urban Digital Surface Models https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/232 <p>Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) scanners<br>provide a relatively very accurate 3D point cloud, opposed passive imaging<br>photogrammetry cameras deriving a more detailed 3D model of the real world.<br>This paper investigates the difference between active and passive drone<br>photogrammetry based Digital Surface Model of an urban area and tests the<br>morphometric surface parameters.<br>The workflow consists of three processing steps. First, a real-time kinematic<br>unmanned aerial vehicle flight for LIDAR scanning and photogrammetry image<br>capturing. Then, aerial image processing for dense point clouds generation and<br>fusion. Finally, to make a comprehensive and fair comparison between<br>datasets, a geomorphometry qualitative and quantitative analysis of the<br>texture. Fractal dimensions and Topographic Roughness Index have been<br>applied to evaluate LiDAR, Structure from Motion photogrammetry and the<br>fusion DSMs in terms of visualization and statistical analysis.<br>The results demonstrate the importance of point cloud fusion for the<br>enhancement and improvement of the DSM quality in urban areas.</p> Jean A. Doumit Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 40 44 Lakshmi Raj Sharma's Intriguing Women https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/233 <p>Lakshmi Raj Sharma could be a new name for many readers of contemporary<br>literature, but once a person reads him he feels his writing and techniques of<br>storytelling is really amazing. He writes on sensible topics and tries to make his<br>fictional plot interesting and persuading for the readers. It is also evident that<br>the novelist uses the memories of his childhood, the places he lived and the<br>stories he might have heard in his works.</p> Swati Srivastava Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 45 48 Voicing Anger and Frustration: A Critique of the Selected Fiction of Angry Young Men https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/234 <p>The fundamental goal of this scrutiny is focussed on the introduction books of<br>Angry Young Men. These authors have enough encounters of changing world<br>and changing estimations of contemporary Britain. These scholars not just<br>communicated the lip services of high society ethos and ways of life, yet in<br>addition depicted, through their average workers or lower white collar class<br>heroes, profound hopelessness or sadness of those never favoured by<br>existence and customary social force. This investigation and scrutiny will<br>concentrate on the issues of irateness from the Marxist perspective in the post<br>war British fiction remembering John Wain's Hurry on Down (1953);Alan<br>Sillitoe's Saturday Night And Sunday Morning(1958); Kingsley Amis' Lucky<br>Jim(1954);John Braine's Room At The Top(1957); David Story's This Sporting<br>Life(1960).The works taken up for this study depict the hard endeavour of<br>common labourers individuals, by and large constantly males, to escape from<br>the negative highlights of their group – neediness, limitation, absence of<br>status, detachment of ladies and drink – and to accomplish and win the<br>material proprietorship that are related with the white collar class. They create<br>to be fixated on the thing of their advantage and respect. A large number of<br>them make progress in accomplishing their aspirations; nonetheless, the value<br>they need to pay is extensive. For more than once or again and again these<br>works depict that the white collar class rewards got accomplished at context of<br>regular workers standards.</p> Ramandeep Mahal Ms. Tanu Bura Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 49 54 Right of Prisoners' in India during Covid-19: An Analytical Study https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/235 <p>Every society follows certain norms which it follows from many times. Due to<br>violation of such norms person are rendered not able to live in the society and<br>some time they become danger for society and persons of society are not ready<br>to accept them for such nature. So it becomes compulsion for the state to detain<br>such person to any other place called prison. In most of the developing<br>countries of the world, prisons are frequently facing problems of overcrowding,<br>cramped conditions, Malnutrition, poor hygiene, inadequate<br>sanitation and limited access to health care. In addition to human rights and<br>humanitarian concerns, situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic, heighten<br>the risk of riots and breakouts, and endangering public health and security.<br>Therefore, in this paper an attempt has been made to discuss all the issues<br>relating to current laws and the defies faced by prison authorities during the<br>period of COVID-19.</p> Reetika Bansal Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 55 60 A Survey Among Female Vocal Music Students to Investigate the Awareness Concerning Diet to Keep Singing Voice Healthy https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/236 <p>The maintenance of good vocal health is a prerequisite for all singers. Existing<br>literature shows that not only health conditions but also multiple factors such<br>as dietary practices/food habits, knowledge, and others may influence vocal<br>performance. This present study, conducted among female students studying<br>vocal music, was aimed to explore the dietary awareness towards the<br>maintenance of optimal vocal health by the ingestion of healthful and<br>avoidance of harmful eatable/drinkable consumables. Participants (n=55)<br>were enrolled for the study from some colleges and universities of Kolkata,<br>West Bengal. Results revealed that although many subjects were aware of the<br>dietary practices needed to boost vocal performance, some of the subjects<br>seemed to be unaware of what should be consumed or avoided to care for<br>voice. It may be concluded that greater awareness is necessary among vocal<br>music students to promote healthy dietary practices to facilitate better vocal<br>health for best singing performance.</p> Samarpita Chatterjee Roan Mukherjee Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 61 65 Mobile Money Technology Project in Rural Communities, A Case Study of Northern Nigeria https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/237 <p>Background: A good and efficient system of transaction is very vital to effective<br>and efficient economic advancement. The project called 'Firstmonie' by First<br>Bank of Nigeria is a mobile financial service that permits a customer to make easy<br>transactions such as, payment of bills, make a purchase and top up airtime<br>through the mobile phone. The major objective of this thesis is to assess the<br>success of the project, using the first batch data out of the ten batches of the<br>disbursement.<br>Method: This study obtained data from the execution of the MOU between First<br>Bank of Nigeria and the UNICEF in collaboration for the distribution of payments<br>to rural volunteers in the Northern part of Nigeria on polio and other<br>communicable diseases eradication project. The mobile payment was carried out<br>through the four major Telcos in Nigeria, they are MTN, Globacom, Airtel, and<br>9Mobile. Data from the project centers analyzed using SPSS and Microsoft Excel<br>version 2016.<br>Result: Exactly 22,885,000.00 was disbursed to 2,185 beneficiaries in the 7<br>states. Kano state recorded the highest number of beneficiaries of 28.0%.<br>Kaduna and Jigawa state beneficiaries collected over 300,000.00. Of the 2,298<br>people that enrolled for the first batch, 2,185 (95.1%) were successfully paid.<br>Also, of the 23,955, 000.00 allocated for 2,298 people enrolled, 22,885,000.00<br>was disbursed to 2,185 while 1,130,000.00 was returned to sponsor.<br>Conclusion: Mobile money recorded a huge success in the Northern part of<br>Nigeria, even in remote areas, this is an assurance that the project will succeed in<br>other parts of Nigeria. Since language was not a barrier to the success of the<br>project in the Northern states, where there is very high illiteracy in Nigeria, the<br>project can therefore succeed in the entire nation and other developing<br>countries, if the same method of using indigenes, who understand the local<br>languages employed by in firstmonie project can be adapted.</p> Folashade Kemi-Lawal, Abiodun Olaiya Paul Sanni Olaniyi Felix Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2020-07-02 2020-07-02 10 July-December 66 70