The National Literacy Accelerated Programme (NALAP) on Bilingual Education in Ghana: The Views of Early Grade Teachers in Effutu Municipality

Authors

  • 1Daniel Arkoh Fenyi, Enchi College of Education, Ghana. West Africa
  • 2William Osei Appiagyei Enchi College of Education, Ghana. West Africa
  • 3John Andoh Enchi College of Education, Ghana. West Africa

Keywords:

NALAP, Early Childhood Education (ECE), Bilingual education, Mother tongue

Abstract

The National Literacy Accelerated Programme (NALAP) on Bilingual Education
in Ghana was introduced about a decade ago. The NALAP Policy was to ensure
that classroom instructions in Early Childhood Education (ECE) are
predominantly conducted in the learner's native language while gradually
exposing or easing them into the second language as well. The hypothesis is
that learners better understand concepts when they are taught in a language
they are familiar with. This study is an attempt to investigate how the policy is
practically implemented in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana and the challenges
that come with it. This qualitative study engaged 47 early grade teachers from
10 Early Childhood Centres/schools as participants. Three instruments were
used to collect data- semi-structured interview, participant observation and
focus-group discussion. A thematic analysis was conducted on the data. The
outcome of the study reveal that early grade teachers believe the bilingual
policy is good because it fosters easy comprehensibility of complex concepts,
establishes cultural ties, encourages class participation and enhances critical
thinking. However, it was also revealed that the policy is fraught with
challenges such as inadequate teaching and learning materials, lack of
training of teachers and the general negative perceptions towards the L1.

Additional Files

Published

2022-04-13

How to Cite

1Daniel Arkoh Fenyi, 2William Osei Appiagyei, & 3John Andoh. (2022). The National Literacy Accelerated Programme (NALAP) on Bilingual Education in Ghana: The Views of Early Grade Teachers in Effutu Municipality. BRICS JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, 12(1), 6-13. Retrieved from https://www.bricsjer.com/index.php/brics/article/view/329