Marginalization of Women in Indian History


  • Priyanka Mathew *Doctoral Scholar at Zakir Hussain Centre for Educational Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi-110067, India


Marginalized Group,, Empowerment,, Education,


This research paper examined Women as a Marginalized Group in Indian
History. Therefore there was a need for Women's Empowerment in India.
Women's Empowerment was seen as multi-dimensional process by Kamala
Bhasin(2008). Empowerment was also linked to economic strength, visibility,
apart from education. (Banerjee,2008). Our study tried to explore the
connection between empowerment and education, in the light of exploitation
faced by girls in the educational context.(Kumari and Kumari,2013). The
current National Education Policy 2020, has also coined the term 'Inclusive
Education.' Inclusiveness advocated for equity in Education or 'learning for all.'
(NEP, 2020). There has been a need for equity in Education, because even the
NEP 2020, admitted that women have been persecuted across History.
Moreover, the above study revealed that Indian women were almost invisible
in education because of the oppressive social customs in Pre- Independent
India, as observed, by the social reformers and nationalists. Thus, the main
enemies of women were certain evils in Indian society, like the Purdah, Child
Marriage, Sati, Widowhood, Female Infanticide, etc. These hindered the
development of women, particularly their education. These were recorded by
the original writings of the social reformers and the nationalists. Many of them
established societies and organizations for the welfare and education of
women. Consequently, we have had a full- fledged Indian Women's
Movement, aiming at Women's Empowerment, thereby impacting Women's
Education. The main organizations that emerged in the twentieth century were
the Women's Indian Association and the All India Women's Conference. They
demanded 'universal, free and compulsory education.'(Kaur,1946).

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How to Cite

Priyanka Mathew. (2021). Marginalization of Women in Indian History. BRICS JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, 11(1), 23-26. Retrieved from